Tuesday, July 7, 2009

How to create a price list based on item cost - Part II, Intercompany Price List in Oracle

In my previous post I described how to create a price list based on cost. Why would we want to have a price list based on cost? From my experience there are 2 common scenarios where this comes handy:

  1. RMA price list for obsolete items that are no longer priced, but customers keep returning them.

  2. For intercompany transactions where the transfer price between organizations is cost plus markup, and it would be cumbersome to have a manually maintained price list where all the costs are already defined.
The RMA situation is not that common, but all multinational companies have intercompany transfers. I have seen one company where the number of internal price list lines exceeded 180,000 while the regular sales price lists had only 42,000. They could no longer maintain it and had to write custom concurrent requests to do it for them.

The beauty of the below solution is that it requires no customizations and it will price all intercompany transactions based on ‘Cost + markup’ logic, with no maintenance required at all.
To begin with, I recommend creating separate responsibility for Intercompany pricing, to keep the IC and Sales price lists, modifiers, formulas, qualifiers and modifiers separate. This is not required, as alternatively you can set up the relevant profile options on a dedicated user level, separate responsibility is by far a cleaner solution.

Go to Application Developer -> Profiles and check the responsibility checkboxes for the below:


Now create your custom responsibility
(N) System Administrator -> Security -> Responsibility -> Define




Set the QP: Pricing Transaction Entity and QP: Source System Code profiles on the Responsibility Level.



Add the responsibility to your user. You have successfully set up your tools to begin working with Intercompany Pricing.
In addition to the above, set the following profiles on the site level


- CST: Transfer Pricing Option - Yes, Price As Incoming Cost (read more about other settings)
- INV: Advanced Pricing for Inter-Org Transfers - Yes
- INV:Advanced Pricing for Intercompany Invoice - Yes
- INV: Always suffix inter-Company AP Invoice number – Yes (optional)
- INV: Inter-Organization Currency Conversion – Corporate
- INV: Intercompany Currency Conversion - Corporate
- INV:Intercompany Invoice for Internal Orders – Yes (optional)

Set up shipping networks in inventory responsibility.
Log into the Intercompany Pricing responsibility -> Setup -> Attribute Management -> Attribute Linking and Mapping. Select Intercompany Transaction as the Pricing Entity and Pricing Context, then map the same COST attributes here as for the Order Fulfillment Entity in the previous post.


Map both pricing attributes using the PL/SQL logic, the same as in previous post.
For cost:

cst_cost_api.get_item_cost(1, INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.INVENTORY_ITEM_ID, INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.SHIP_FROM_ORG_ID,NULL,NULL)
Note that record OE_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE in Intercompany pricing entity is replaced with INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE

For Exchange Rate:

gl_currency_api.get_rate(CSD_COST_ANALYSIS_UTIL.get_GLCurrencyCode(qa_moac_pkg.derive_ou_id(INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.SHIP_FROM_ORG_ID)),'USD', sysdate,'Corporate')

The 'USD' needs to be replaced with the currency of the intercompany transactions for your installation.

This will work on R12 as long as you don’t use Global Purchase Agreements nor have Oracle Process Manufacturing enabled for any of your organizations that do intercompany pricing. In those cases you will need to use additional logic, which I am omitting here to keep the case simple. As I mentioned in my previous post additional coding may be needed for 11i where the qa_moac_pkg.derive_ou_id function does not exist.
After you are done mapping run the Build Attribute Mapping Rules Concurrent request .
I think that all of the above should be seeded, but it isn’t. The enhancement requests to do so are sitting out on metalink for the last couple of years. On top of that the All Items Product Attribute is not mapped for the ‘Intercompany Transaction’ pricing entity.

Lets fix this obvious omission.


Press Link Attributes button.

Run Build Attribute Mapping request again.

Now that all the core setups are done lets create an Intercompany pricing formula.


Because this formula is created in the Intercompany Pricing responsibility, it is visible, but not updateable in the regular Oracle Pricing Manager or any OM responsibility With the formula ready we can create the Intercompany Price List.

Make sure to list all basic units of measure that can be transacted. In the above example I had 4.
Note the Pricing Transaction Entity for your price list. It will not be usable in Order Management or any other sales applications.

There is a bug in EBS, that Oracle Support did not fix since I first discovered it in 2006. While the sales applications residing in Order Fulfillment Pricing Entity do not see the Intercompany Transactions Entity, the opposite is not true and regular sales Price lists are visible in the Intercompany Transactions entity. To work around this problem assign precedence =1 to your intercompany price list lines.

There is another bug that prevents an Internal Order form being booked if the Intercompany price list is not assigned to the Internal Order type. To work around it assign it to the Internal Order type and also to the internal customer/customer site on the customer definition. From the logical perspective this is not really needed since the intercompany pricing is done by the Trip Stop interface which happens AFTER the order is booked and shipped and all the prices on the intercompany order are dummy values.

Now that you have your intercompany price list set up, you can create Internal Requisitions, Internal Sales Orders, ship them, create Intercompany AP and AR invoices and never worry about updating your intercompany price list.

The Global Purchase Agreement, transfers originating from multi node transactions, and different markups between different organizations, including logical nodes can be also set up to work, but this is a too long topic to cover in this post.

18 comments:

  1. I have started looking at this solution. I have a couple of questions. Do i need to all steps from Part 1 and part to to use a price list with internal requisitions? Also can I use a pricelist with actual items and actual prices since we do not do a flat percent markup over item cost? How can I do that?

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  2. You do not need setups from part one. The part 2 is designed to be used for IR/ISO process. On the surface the requisition and the internal order will still have prices but they will be bogus. The Intercompany invoices and the Intercompany material transactions will be priced using the IC price list.

    It does not make sense to put items on the internal price list. This would mean that someone would have to maintain them as you add new items and the intercompany invoices and material transactions would come out as 0 if the person forgets to add the item. This always happens and is very difficult to undo. What you need to do is to create modifiers with different markups depending on number of conditions, such as the from and to org or the item category of the product. I find the item category particularly useful, especially if you map the segments of the category as separate qualifiers. I.e if your category is Furniture.Chairs or Furniture.Tables you can split it into 2 separately mapped qualifiers and have 10% markup for Furniture and 3% markup for Chairs and 1% markup for tables, etc. The mapping of the category attributes does require custom PL/SQL extension that can be called the same way as the cost or exchange rate described in my post

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  3. Thank you for the reply. Could you give more detail about the PL/SQL extension you are talking about. Maybe we could use that but if I had more detail that would help in selling this rather than keeping a price list.

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  4. please provide the code needed for an opm enabled organization.
    saurabh

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    Replies
    1. In an OPM organization you need to replace the cost sourcing. Instead of calling costing package cst_cost_api.get_item_cost as in the above post you need to use this:

      GMF_CMCOMMON.get_cmpt_cost( inventory_item_id, organization_id, sysdate, &cost_id ,0)

      Replace the &cost_id with a static value that you get from this query:

      select cost_type_id from CM_MTHD_MST where where cost_mthd_desc='Standard Cost'

      OPM organizations are tricky, because you can set the standard cost well after the month is over. If you run the Intercompany invoicing before the month is over and you do not have the standard cost in place then the IC invoices may come across at $0 or error out. If you NVL the above function and they do come across at 0 you cannot correct them.

      Today is May 1st and lets say you just created OPM costing for April and happily run the IC process. If you had any transactions as of the 1st of May the IC process is going to pick them up and invoice then as well even if the correct cost is not set yet.
      Unfortunately the IC invoice creation process does not allow you to select the period or time frame for which you would like to create invoices it invoices everything that is ready for invoicing.

      To use this solution effectively you would need to have the OPM standard costs defined before the beginning of the month, but that is usually not how OPM enabled organizations work. They establish the cost after the month is over based on the manufacturing runs and variances during the month.

      Delete
    2. We want to transfer material from Non-OPM org to the OPM enabled inventory org. and we want that material should be transferred at the cost of the transferring org and will also received in the recipient org at transferred price i.e cost of if the transferring org.

      How we can achieve this?

      Delete
  5. Hi there , i have facing a similar problem, I also need to use cost to calculate the price i price list ,I wonder the cost u use is refer to the PO cost or what cost in system?

    Is there a way i can use the additional line information attribute as a cost and when i finish entering the field, the price will show up?

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  6. Hi,
    I have to prepare price list based on item costs for inter-org transfer between OPM-Discrete organization, I am using GMF_CMCOMMON.GET_CMPT_COST(INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.INVENTORY_ITEM_ID, OE_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.SHIP_FROM_ORG_ID,SYSDATE, 1000,1).

    But not getting item cost.

    Shashikant

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  7. Run a query in SQL first

    select msi.segment1 item,
    GMF_CMCOMMON.get_cmpt_cost( inventory_item_id, organization_id, sysdate, cmm.cost_type_id ,0) cost
    from mtl_system_items_b msi, CM_MTHD_MST cmm
    where cmm.cost_mthd_desc='Standard Cost'

    I am not sure why you used 1 as the last variable. In my queries I always use 0.
    If this query does not return cost this means that the cost for the current period is not defined. Several OPM organizations define cost for any period when closing the period and cost all the transactions backwards, which the OPM Finance module allows. In that case you need to either:

    - use cost form previous period or have the finance
    - have finance define the cost for the current period
    - do not run the Create intercompany AR and AP invoices until the period is over , just before it is closed.

    We have tried the last option and we had significant difficulties enforcing it even after limiting access to the concurrent request

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  8. I used both 0 & 1 in GMF_CMCOMMON.get_cmpt_cost, but not getting item cost both the times. We are using average cost. The query given by you returns item cost in toad. But in EBS, getting 0 cost.

    Shashikant

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  9. If the query returns results then use:

    cst_cost_api.get_item_cost(1, INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.INVENTORY_ITEM_ID, INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE.SHIP_FROM_ORG_ID,NULL,NULL)

    Note that record OE_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE in Intercompany pricing entity is replaced with INV_IC_ORDER_PUB.G_LINE

    You still had OE_ORDER_PUB for the org, it returned NULL so there was no pricing

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  10. Excellent Blog... Thanks for taking time to create this blog

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  11. i have one question, where we are trying to Invoice 10%+ item cost, but when i run Create AR invoice program, external API price= Item cost 10% markup is adding. I did all the setups like
    1) Formula to get the item cost
    2) formula attached to Inter company price list.
    3) qualifiers are added to price list.

    Can anyone help me on this.

    Thank you in Advance

    Thanks
    Pavan

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  12. Hi Piotr,
    Can you please help if you have any note (for setups and code) for calling pricing engine from external source? We have external application that sends item, quantity, customer etc. details to oracle and pricing engine has to return unit selling price after modifiers are applied.

    Regards
    GRSR

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  13. There is quite a few articles about it on the web, just google QP_PREQ_GRP.PRICE_REQUEST. One important hint is to make the p_control_rec.pricing_event :='BATCH'; instead of 'LINE'. Probably the best idea is to look for the above string with BATCH in it and you will hit a page where they did do their homework rather than quoting the Oracle standard script.

    When called correctly the external call can be a very powerful tool. A few years ago I written an interface using the above API to call Oracle QP from eCommerce web site to price web orders. The QP setup had over 400,000 modifiers, each qualified with multiple qualifiers. We got performance of below 1 s per call. The QP pricing engine is amazingly powerful.

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  14. Hi Peter,

    Nice article. I am also looking for a similar solution for my case. Our business requirement is to transfer the material from ong Inv. org to another org in the same OU. We would like to transfer with the markup price but we don't create any invoice for that.

    Typically normal IR-ISO flow and as far as I understand normal IR-ISO will pickup the source organization Item cost. Can I use your suggested solution to achieve me requirement.

    Pls. help and guide.

    Thanks lot for all your good work and efforts.

    Regards-Siva

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  15. Hi Piotr,
    Do you know how to set the unit_selling_price as formula type in Pricing formulas setup? I want to customized the rounding of unit_selling price by different customer. So I need to get the unit_selling_price instantly and perform round(xx,1).

    I can't get the unit_selling_price instead I only get the unit_list_price now. Thanks in advance

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  16. Hi Piotr Belter and everyone.

    First of all, thanks for sharing knowledge in your blog.

    I have few scenarios that is inter-organization Transfer (All org. are process enabled ).
    1. Inter-org transfer within a Operating Unit (Same Legal Entity)
    2. Inter-org transfer within a Operating Unit (Across Legal Entity)
    3. Inter-org transfer across Operating Unit (Different Legal Entity).

    I have searched documents in Oracle Metalink and found
    Reference: White paper on Inventory Organization Transfers in R12 (Doc ID 1464168.1)


    1065808.1 - How is Unit Price Populated on an Internal Requisition for a Process Enabled Org? (Doc ID 1065808.1)

    I need reference doc to setup the above scenarios.

    We have done Direct transfer across Legal entity and within OU. after performing actual cost process, cost update, create accounting. The event of Direct Org. transfer has entries but item cost of transfer org. is not updated.

    Thanks in advance.

    Nelson

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